OpenPLC on UniPi
Make sure that your UniPi is running a recent version of the Raspbian operating system. To avoid compatibility problems, it is better to download the most recent Raspbian form the Raspberry Pi website and make a fresh install.
The best way to get OpenPLC files into your UniPi is by using git. Usually, git comes preinstalled on Raspbian. If for some reason you don’t have git installed on your system, you can install it by typing:
sudo apt-get install git
To install OpenPLC type these lines on the terminal:
git clone https://github.com/thiagoralves/OpenPLC_v3.git cd OpenPLC_v3 ./install.sh rpi
The installation process will take a while (up to 1 hour depending on your system). Meanwhile, grab a [insert your favorite beverage here] and relax! Once OpenPLC is installed, just reboot your device and it will start automatically after boot.
Before starting OpenPLC runtime, you will need to load the I2C module into the kernel. This will enable OpenPLC to communicate with the I2C peripherals on your UniPi board. To load the I2C module, type:
gpio load i2c
A reboot is needed after using this command. You only need to type it once.
Now that your system is configured, just reboot your device and OpenPLC will start automatically after boot.
The OpenPLC runtime has a built-in webserver that allows you to configure OpenPLC and also to upload new programs for it to run. This webserver can be accessed by opening a web browser on your computer and typing the IP address of your OpenPLC device at port 8080. For example, if your UniPi has the IP 192.168.0.103 on your network, you should type this on your browser:
If you don’t know the IP address of your board, the Raspberry Pi foundation has a nice guide to help you out.
Once you access OpenPLC webserver, you should see in your browser window a login page like this:
The default username and password is openplc (login) and openplc (password). This means that the first thing you must do after logging in for the first time is change the default username and password! It is very easy to do that. Just go to the Users menu, click on the OpenPLC User and change the information as you like.
Once you save the changes you will be prompted to login again. Just login with your new credentials and you will be good to go!
By default OpenPLC runtime is installed with a blank driver. This means that it won’t be able to control your UniPi inputs and outputs straight away. To enable the UniPi driver, go to the “Hardware” section and, from the popup menu, select “UniPi v1.1”. Click on “Save changes” and wait for a little bit while the driver is applied.
Below you will find the OpenPLC I/O mapping for the UniPi board. The mapping should be the same across all the different board revisions.
My First Project
The Reference menu on this website has a nice tutorial that
teaches you how to create your first project.
However, if you’re in a hurry, you can download the official Hello World
project, which is basically one rung, a button, a timer and a coil, all
connected together. The button is attached to
%IX0.0 and the coil is attached
%QX0.0. When the button is pressed and released, the coil is energized and
remains on for 2 seconds, and then turns off.
Download the project below and open it on OpenPLC Editor. Click on Generate program for OpenPLC Runtime in order to compile the diagram into a ST file. Then upload the ST file to the OpenPLC using the web interface.